Finnish gambling monopoly
Gambling in Finland: problem gambling in the context of a national monopoly in the European Union. To describe and analyse the Finnish gambling market. The aim of the monopoly system used in Finland is to restrain the social and health related harms Finnish gambling has been summarized Gaming in Finland. Warnings by the European Commission as far back as that Finnish state gambling monopolies are in conflict with EU principles of free movement of goods.
Gambling monopolies in the EU: the case of Finland
Men start to gamble at a younger age then women. This will broaden the scope of activities which are considered to be marketing and to directly prohibit such activities. It could also be argued that gaming operators, which have already been granted a licence to provide gaming services in another EU Member State, have demonstrated that they are reputable and that they can secure the safety of gaming and consumer protection in their activities. Rahapelifoorumi found several new arguments for defend the domestic legislation. Will you be there too? During the period where the gaming licence is valid, the licensing authority may also, by supervision and possible sanctions, make sure that the gaming operator takes care of the safety of gaming and consumer protection.
Gaming in Finland
We're heading to Barcelona for Mobile World Congress ! Will you be there too? Get in touch and meet our team: Additionally, promoting and advertising gambling and betting arrangements in Finland without a gaming licence is prohibited.
We discuss whether this prohibition complies with the EU Treaty, considering especially whether this regulated monopoly restricts the freedom to provide services within the EU. Current gaming regulation in Finland Gambling and betting activities in Finland are regulated by the Lotteries Act Under the Lotteries Act, all gaming arrangements in Finland require a gaming licence. A gaming licence is issued separately i for running money lotteries, pools and betting; ii for keeping slot machines, operating casino games and running casino activities; and iii for operating totalisator betting.
Only one licence is granted at a time for each of these purposes. The official justification for this limitation, which in fact creates a regulated monopoly, is to protect those who engage in gaming activities, prevent abuse and criminal activities and reduce social problems created by gaming, such as gaming addiction.
Gaming licences may be issued for a maximum of five years at a time and the licences are granted and revoked by the Finnish government.
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Three gaming operators have exclusive rights to organize games on the continent of Finland; Veikkaus, RAY and Fintoto. The aim of the monopoly system used in Finland is to restrain the social and health related harms caused by games; such as uncontrolled gambling, crime and set-ups, as well as to guarantee the honesty of the games and the legal protection of the consumers.
The European Union allows the restriction of the competition with certain conditions: The gaming profits are used for utilitarian purposes, in accordance with the Lotteries Act. The distribution of the profits from the games provided by Veikkaus is decided by the Ministry of Education and Culture. RAY is responsible for the distribution of the benefits and the practicalities concerning the surveillance and the assessment of the benefits.
The distribution of the profits of the games provided by Fintoto is regulated by the Lotteries act. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry answer for the implementation. The gaming profits are used for funding of: The follow-up and research of the harms caused by gambling is conducted by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, who is also responsible for the prevention of these harms and the development of treatments.
The Ministry fulfils these obligations in collaboration with the National Institute of Health and Welfare. All gambling has been forbidden for persons under the age of 18 since the amendment that went into effect 1. It has distinctly decreased gambling of young people. The responsibility for the surveillance of the age limit lies with the gaming operators as well as with the representatives and sellers of the games.
Neglecting the surveillance of the age limit can lead to criminal responsibility. Statistics of gambling by Finnish people Finns are active gamblers. There are no exact figures of the amounts spent on games operated by foreign gaming operators, but according to different evaluations Finnish losses in these games are around million euro.
Names of Macau The present Chinese name Chinese: The Macau native people were Tanka boat people. Macau did not develop as a major settlement until the Portuguese arrived in the 16th century. In , Portuguese traders obtained the rights to anchor ships in Macau's harbours and to carry out trading activities, though not the right to stay onshore.
Portuguese Macau[ edit ] In , the Portuguese established a permanent settlement in Macau , paying an annual rent of taels In the Chinese restricted Portuguese commerce in China to the port of Macau. The Portuguese repulsed their attack and the Dutch never tried to conquer Macau again. The majority of the defenders were African slaves, with only a few Portuguese soldiers and priests. Captain Kornelis Reyerszoon was commander of the strong Dutch invasion force.
Coen said after the defeat that "The slaves of the Portuguese at Macau served them so well and faithfully, that it was they who defeated and drove away our people there last year", and "Our people saw very few Portuguese" during the battle. On 1 December , the Qing and Portuguese governments signed the Sino-Portuguese Treaty of Peking , under which China ceded the right of "perpetual occupation and government of Macau by Portugal" in compliance with the statements of the Protocol of Lisbon.
In return, Macau Government would cooperate with Hong Kong's smuggling trade in Indian opium and China would profit from imposing customs taxes.
Changing only a few provisions concerning tariff principles and matters relating to business affairs, the new treaty did not alter the sovereignty of Macau and Portuguese government of Macau remained unchanged. Macau enjoyed a brief period of economic prosperity as the only neutral port in South China after the Japanese had occupied Guangzhou and Hong Kong. The next month they demanded the installation of Japanese "advisors" under the threat of overt military occupation.